Ref. Number: 987

Country: Thailand

Material: Clay

Dimension: 19 x 14 cm

Haripunchai Jar

Late Haripunchai watercoolers with extraordinarily fine inlaid decoration were probably produced in the area of what is now modern Lamphun – although Fine Arts Department reports of kilns are somewhat dubious. These wares were found at the Tak Hilltop Burial Sites and can therefore be dated to the 1350 – 1550 period. They were probably made for ritual purposes – The watercoolers from the burial sites had a stopper, often lacquered.

Hariphunchai (or Haribhunjaya)(Pali: Haripunjaya) was a Mon kingdom in the northern region of present day Thailand in the centuries before the Thais moved into the area. Its capital was at Lamphun, which at the time was also called Hariphunchai.

According to the Camadevivamsa and Jinakalamali chronicles, the city was founded by a hermit named Suthep in 661 AD, and the Mon ruler of Lopburi sent his daughter Jamadevi to become its first queen. However, this date is now considered as too early, and the actual beginning is placed at around 750 AD. At that time, most of what is now central Thailand was under the rule of various Mon city states, known collectively as the Dvaravati kingdom. Queen Jamadevi gave birth to twins, the older succeeding her as the ruler of Lamphun, and the younger becoming ruler of neighboring Lampang.

Set of 4 jars

Set of 4 jars

The chronicles say that the Khmer unsuccessfully besieged Hariphunchai several times during the 11th century. It is not clear if the chronicles describe actual or legendary events, but the other Dvaravati Mon kingdoms did in fact fall to the Khmers at this time. The early 13th century was a golden time for Hariphunchai, as the chronicles talk only about religious activities or constructing buildings, not about wars. Nevertheless, Hariphunchai was besieged in 1292 by the Thai king Mangrai the Great, who incorporated it into his Lannathai kingdom.
Lampang or Nakhon Lampang or Lakhon, was under the Burmese rule after the fall of Lannathai Kingdom from the sixteenth century to the eighteenth century. During the uprising against Burmese rule by Siam’s new kings in the late eighteenth century, a Lampang local leader became Siam’s ally. After the victory, the leader was named to be the ruler of Chiangmai, the former center of Lannathai, while his relative ruled Lampang. The city continues to be one of the most important economic and political centers in the north. Lampang was announced as a province in Thailand in 1892.

Video: shows potters making earthenware and stoneware in northeast Thailand.

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